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مدرسة الأحنف بن قيس للتعليم الأساسي(5-10)
العودة   مدرسة الأحنف بن قيس للتعليم الأساسي(5-10) > قسم المواد التعليمية > مادة اللغة الانجليزية

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قديم 09-28-2012, 04:43 PM
عضو متميز
المتنبي غير متواجد حالياً
لوني المفضل Cadetblue
 رقم العضوية : 111
 تاريخ التسجيل : Sep 2011
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Mmi بحث عن الحضاره الأسلاميه بالأنجليزي



Date: first, the creation of man on the earth's surface

Location: all continents of the world

First: the golden age of Islam
Golden Age of Islam extends up to the fourteenth century and the fifth century AD. During this period, engineers, scientists and traders Islamic world to contribute significantly in the following fields: art, agriculture, economy, industry, literature, navigation, philosophy, science and technology, by maintaining and building on previous contributions and add many of their inventions and innovations.

Create philosophers and poets, artists and scientists and Muslims Thagath princes and unique, which in turn affected communities in all the continents.

Second: The way of life in economic terms:
After the death of the Prophet Muhammad, and decisive disagreement between supporters and immigrants, and the conflict between the tribes, senior companions agreed to be the messenger Khalifa.

The Caliphate: General Presidency in religion and the world, has some call the Imamate or state

Laws and foundations Asho:


Founded the Arab forces Bedouin during invasions first period between the early seventh century and the eighth century AD, and the start of the golden age of Islam with the beginning of the Umayyad Caliphate and the largest Islamic empire the world has witnessed the Umayyad dynasty. [6] affected succession Balafraid Koranic Ballahm hadith such as "Ink World equal blood martyr "stressing the importance of knowledge. [6] during this period became the Islamic world center of cultural and intellectual solo in the world of science, philosophy, medicine and education where firmer Umayyads reasons knowledge and spread Islam in various regions of the East and the West, was established much the role of science and knowledge and pulled scientists , was launched Umayyads first coin Islamic Dinar is the Umayyad and Oasesoa first naval flotilla and built and praised landmarks Islamic Khaleda in Damascus and Cordoba, Jerusalem and the city of Aleppo and other Islamic cities, and the foundations of Umayyads hospitals, libraries and the role of science and worship and palaces, in the Abbasid built the House of Wisdom in Baghdad;, a place sought both scientists Muslims and non-Muslims to translate the collection and creating knowledge from all over the world to the Arabic language.

And translated many books into Arabic and then translated into Turkish, Persian, Hebrew and Latin. during that period was the Islamic world as cultures collected and composed and improved and developed the business combination of civilizations of China and Alvarsiewn, Egyptians and North Africa, Greek, Spanish and Sicilian and Byzantine. [6 ] were the ruling families of other Islamic in that period, such as the Fatimids in Egypt and the Umayyads in Damascus and Andalusia cultural centers and intellectual her thriving like Damascus and Cordoba and Cairo. [6] helped religious freedom in the creation of civilization cultural cross as the Islamic civilization attracted intellectuals Muslims, Christians and Jews which helped in the creation of the greatest period of philosophical creativity in the Middle Ages and during the period between the second century and the third century AD

The most important inventions in that period was the paper, which was previously secretly preserved Chinese. were taken secret of making paper from prisoners of war and prisoners of in the hands of Muslims after the Battle of Talas year 751 AD, which led to the founding of the paper mills in Samarkand. by the year 900 AD there were hundreds of shops that worked with books, copies and also began to establish public offices. As the office was first established that lends books. Then I moved the paper industry to Fez and then Andalusia in the Umayyad period and from there to Europe in the third century AD.

Can be linked to many of the learning and development geography. Even before Islam holy city of Mecca was the center of trade in the Arabian Peninsula and the Prophet Muhammad was a merchant. And has become a tradition of pilgrimage to Mecca a center for the exchange of ideas and goods. The effect was caused by Arab traders on the Arab-African trade routes and a huge Asian-Arab trade. As a result, Islamic civilization grew and expanded on the basis of the economy of traders, unlike their fellow Christians, Indians and Chinese who built farming communities. Transfer traders their goods and their faith to China and India (containing the Indian subcontinent currently more than 450 million Muslims], and South Asia (where there approximately 230 million Muslims) and kingdoms based in North Africa and returned also inventions great. Use merchants their money to invest in cloth and agriculture.

In addition to traders, Muslims played an important role in the spread of Islam, through the publication of their letters to various regions around the world. Key areas included: Persia and Mesopotamia, Central Asia and North Africa. So too was the Sufis major impact in spreading Islam to regions such as East Africa and Anatolia (including Turkey), South Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia


Building Almasasat:
Found many educational institutions and scientific mission in the Islamic world, such as: public hospitals and psychiatric hospitals. , public libraries, lending libraries and universities that were awarded degrees and astronomical observatories .

It was the first university that issued study leave in Bimarstan which were considered medical universities - where she was given treatment for those who become eligible to practice medicine. Wrote Sir John Bagot bring:

Umayyad care Batababh and treatment in Damascus and the establishment of hospitals and organization of the work of therapists, pharmacists, medicine and medical education,

«" With solutions era safe was medical schools are very effective in Baghdad. Opened the first hospital in Free in Baghdad during the succession Harun al-Rashid. System evolves, was appointed physicians and surgeons, who gave lectures to medical students and also have to grant a diploma to those they considered qualified to practice Occupation. opened the first hospital in Egypt in the year 872 AD, has spread hospitals all over the Islamic empire from east to Andalusia and Morocco to Persia »The Guinness Book of Records, the University of villagers in Fez in Morocco oldest university in the world where it was founded in the year AD 859. [19] provided Al-Azhar University, which was established in Cairo in Egypt in the tenth century academic certificates variety including advanced degrees, and are often considered as full or university.

By the tenth century was in Cordoba (Spain) 700 Mosque and 60,000 Palace and 70 library, containing the largest 600,000 book. Were published a total of 60,000 study, a poem and the author of each year. there were in the library of Cairo nearly two million books. and also said that the library Tripoli in Lebanon containing more than 3 million books before they are destroyed by the Crusaders . Also mentions that the number of important scientific work done by Arabs and Muslims who survived the destruction of more than the number of scientific works that have survived and written in Latin and Greek together.

The Islamic world to provide many of the advantages of modern offices where no longer these offices place to collect books, but are considered public offices and are also the loan books, as it was considered a center of learning and the dissemination of science, and a center for discussion and meeting, and sometimes housing for scientists. The books have also been categorized in these libraries for the first time based on the type of book ..

Was adopted several legal institutions based in Islamic law and Islamic jurisprudence by the British where this transfer by Norman during their occupation as did Sicilians and Asalinyin. Examples of this include: the Royal decade Islamic English is similar to the contract, as well as the English jury similar Lviv Islamic. Ref> [24] led these effects some scientists to suggest that Sharia Islamic law may have led to the establishment of law



 توقيع : المتنبي

الـوداع اللـي سـرق لهفـة يدينـا ،، ~ودي إنه لو سرق باقي ( جراحه ) ..!

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